References for the Being Framework™ and the Being Profile®

beinghuman being

Please note, not all references provided here are directly referenced within the main content, however, all formed an important part of the background literature that laid the groundwork for this body of work.


Allen, S. (2018). The Science of Gratitude [White paper]. Greater Good Science Center.

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Ashford, S. J., & Stewart, B. J. (1996). Proactivity during organizational entry: the role of desire for control. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(2), 199–214.

Being assertive: Reduce stress, communicate better. (2020, May 29). Mayo Clinic.

Berne, E. (2016). Games People Play: The Psychology of Human Relationships. Penguin Life.

Berry, J. W., Worthington, E. L., Parrott, L., O’Connor, L. E., & Wade, N. G. (2001). Dispositional Forgivingness: Development and Construct Validity of the Transgression Narrative Test of Forgivingness (TNTF). Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(10), 1277–1290.

Brown, B. (2012). Power of Vulnerability: Teachings on Authenticity, Connection, and Courage. Sounds True.

Building Your Resilience. (2012). American Psychological Association.

Burton, N. (2016, June 25). These Are the 7 Types of Love. Psychology Today

Carver, R. (2003). What we talk about when we talk about love: stories. Random House.

Cohen, A. (2004, October 1). Research on the Science of Forgiveness: An Annotated Bibliography. Greater Good Magazine.

Cohen, A. B., Malka, A., Rozin, P., & Cherfas, L. (2006). Religion and Unforgivable Offenses. Journal of Personality, 74(1), 85–118.

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Corbin, H., & Sadra, M. (2003). Introduction to Sadr al-Muta’allihin Shirazi’s al-Masha’ir (K. Mojtahidi, Trans.). The Sadra Islamic Philosophy Research Institute.

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de la Huerta, C. (2014, April 21). The Power of Self-Expression. HuffPost.

Derrida, J. (1973). Speech and Phenomena, and Other Essays on Husserl’s Theory of Signs. Northwestern University Press.

Derrida, J. (1986). Margins of Philosophy (A. Bass, Trans.).

University of Chicago Press. Doka, K. J. (2016). Grief is a Journey: Finding Your Path Through Loss. Simon and Schuster.

Domonkos, D., Gates, B., Myhrvold, N. & Rinearson, P. (1999). The Road Ahead. Pearson Education.

Downes, J. (2021, January 20). Transformational Leadership: Being Committed to Something. Insigniam.

Dreyfus, H. L. (1984). What Computers Can’t Do: The Limits of Artificial Intelligence. (2nd ed.). Harper & Row. Dreyfus, H. L. (1991). Being-in-the-world: a Commentary on Heidegger’s Being and Time, Division I. MIT Press. Dreyfus, H. L. (1992). What Computers Still Can’t Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason (3rd ed.). MIT Press.

Dreyfus, H. L. (2000). Heidegger, Coping, and Cognitive Science, Volume 2: Essays in Honor of Hubert L. Dreyfus (M. Wrathall & J. Malpas Eds.). MIT Press.

Dreyfus, H. L. (2017). Background Practices: Essays on the Understanding of Being (M. A. Wrathall, Ed.). Oxford University Press.

Dreyfus, H. L., Dreyfus, S. E., & Athanasiou, T. (1986). Mind over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer. Free Press.

Dreyfus, H.L., Foucault, M., & Rabinow, P. (1983). Michel Foucault. University of Chicago Press.

Duffy, J. (2018, March 9). The Singular Difference between Self-Expression and Seeking Acceptance. Thrive Global.

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Dutton, J. E., & Ashford, S. J. (1993). Selling Issues in Top Management. Academy of Management Review, 18(3), 397–428.

Enright, R. D. (1999). “Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships”: Correction to McCullough et al. (1997). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(2), 218.

Erhard, W., & Jensen, M. C. (2013). Four Ways of Being that Create the Foundations of a Great Personal Life, Great Leadership and a Great Organization -- PDF File of PowerPoint Slides. Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 13-078.

Erhard, W., Jensen, M. C., & Granger, K. L. (2013). Creating Leaders: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model. The Handbook for Teaching Leadership: Knowing, Doing, and Being. Sage Publications.

Erhard, W., Jensen, M. C., Zaffron, S., & Echeverria, J. (2018). Introductory Reading And ‘Course Leadership Project’ Part II For Being a Leader and The Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological / Phenomenological Model. Harvard Business School Negotiations, Organizations and Markets Unit Research Paper Series, 091(10).


Erhard, W., Jensen, M. C., Zaffron, S., & Granger, K. L. (2011). Course Materials for Being a Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological/Phenomenological Model. Harvard Business School Negotiations, Organizations and Markets Unit Research Paper Series No. 10-091.

Exline, J. J., & Baumeister, R. (2000). Expressing forgiveness and repentance: Benefits and barriers. In M. E. McCullough, K. I. Pargament, & C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research and practice (pp. 133–155). Guilford.

Farrell, J. B., & Strauss, K. (2013). The People Make the Place, and They Make Things Happen: Proactive Behavior and Relationships at Work. In R. L. Morrison & H. D. Cooper-Thomas (Eds.), Relationships in Organizations (pp. 107-136). Palgrave Macmillan.

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Forsyth, J. P. (2011, June 3). Cultivating Peace of Mind: Letting go of striving to be something other than we are. Psychology Today.

Forsyth, J. P., & Eifert, G. H. (2016). The Mindfulness and Acceptance Workbook for Anxiety: A Guide to Breaking Free from Anxiety, Phobias, and Worry Using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (2nd ed.). New Harbinger Publications.

Foucault, M. (1994). The Order of Things: an Archaeology of the Human Sciences. Random House.

Foucault, M. & Howard, R. (2001). Madness and civilization : a history of insanity in the Age of Reason. Routledge. Fox, R. (1996). Thrownness and Possibility [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2011). Why Feelings Matter and How Feelings Work: Befindlichkeit [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2013). The Language of Disclosiveness: Therapy and the Question of Being [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2014). Spirituality in Existential Practice: Reconsidering Spirituality Through Phenomenology [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2015a). Existential Paradox and Existential Intimacy [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2015b). Is Dasein an Achievement? The Developmental Line of Existence [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2016a). Existential Psychotherapy and Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: Essential Commonalities [Paper Presentation].

Fox, R. (2016b). Love is Strange: Illusions of Longing and Fulfillment [Paper Presentation].

Frankfurt, H. G. (1969). Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. The Journal of Philosophy, 66(23), 829-839.

Frankl, V. E. (1988). Man’s search for meaning (Rev. ed.). Pocket Books.

Frings, M. S. (1988). Armenides: Heidegger’s 1942–1943 Lecture held at Freiburg University. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, 19(1), 15–33.

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Fromm, E. (1976). To have or to be? Harper & Row.

Fromm, E. (1989). The Art of loving. Perennial Library.

Fromm, E. (1992). The art of being. Continuum.

Fromm, E. (2011). Escape from freedom. Ishi Press.

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Glas, G. (2003). Anxiety – animal reactions and the embodiment of meaning. In B. Fulford, K. Morris, J. Z. Sadler, & G. Stanghellini (Eds.), Nature and Narrative: An Introduction to the New Philosophy of Psychiatry (pp. 231-260). Oxford University Press.

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Greenberg, M. (2012, August 23). The Six Attributes of Courage. Psychology Today.

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Hall, K. D. (2016). The Emotionally Sensitive Person: Finding Peace When Your Emotions Overwhelm You. New Harbinger Publishing.

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Harris, T. A., & Harris, A. B. (2011). Staying O.K.: How to Maximize Good Feelings and Minimize Bad Ones. Harper.

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Heidegger, M. (2019). Being and Time (J. Macquarrie & E. S. Robinson, Trans.). Martino Fine Books. (Original work published 1962)

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Hollis, J. (2006). Finding Meaning in the Second Half of Life: How to Finally, Really Grow Up. Gotham Books.

Horgan, J. (2018, August 22). The Paradox of Karl Popper. Scientific American.

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Rumi, J. al-Din. (2008). The Masnavi: Book Two (J. Mojaddedi, Trans.). Oxford University Press.

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